The Industrial Bag Filter's Mechanism of Operation

The Industrial Bag Filter is a vital device for removing particles from the air. It has various types of mechanisms for separating dust from the air. Pulse jet bag filters, Reverse Air Baghouses, and Woven filter systems are among them.


By capturing the dust particles with the filter medium, the bag filter separates the exhaust gas from the dust. The filter media’s surface has a buildup of dust. And a process known as backwashing uses reverse airflow to clean the filter media (pulse-jet).

Industrial bag filters VA can use a variety of filter media. Polyester, heat-resistant nylon, and glass fiber are just a few of the materials that can be used to make the filter. It is chosen depending on the situation, such as the gas or dust.

Filter media are consumable components. The dust may flow outside if it is torn or worn.

To detect dust leaks and stop air pollution, a triboelectric dust monitor is now fitted downstream of a bag filter.

Pulse jet bag filters

Pulse jet bag filters are air pollution control equipment used to remove dust from the air. They are widely used in chemical and mineral extraction plants, grain mills, and asphalt plants. These systems have several advantages over other dust collection systems. But they also have some limitations. Choosing the correct type of filter is essential.

One of the main factors determining the correct type of pulse bag filter is the speed at which the air is filtered. This speed depends on the properties of the dust and the application.

There are two main types of pulse jet bag filters: top loading and bottom loading. The top loading types use a wire cage for holding the bags in place. On the other hand, the bottom-loading versions have a split collar for supporting each bag.

Both types are designed to be self-cleaning. To achieve this, the air that passes through the bag is compressed by a venturi valve. A short-duration pulse of compressed air loosens the fine dust attached to the filter.

Woven filters

Fabric filters are a standard method for particulate matter removal. They are similar to vacuum cleaners, except they can be very efficient collectors of sub-micron-sized particles.

The key to a successful fabric filter is the correct choice of filtration fabric. It may include a variety of generic fibers, from nonwoven fabric to felts. It should also be selected for its durability and ease of separating the filtration cake.

There are two main types of fabric filters. These are the primary and the secondary. Primary filters are designed to collect the majority of large airborne dust particles. A secondary filter is used to collect smaller dust particles.

A fabric filter is a woven or nonwoven bag used to remove dust. Different filter bags are available to meet the needs of various industries. Most are automatic in operation. In some cases, the bag is made with a D-cap top.

Filter cloths are usually designed for wet or dry filtration. For example, a damp filtration fabric may be used in a slurry system.

Nonwoven fabrics

The nonwoven fabric industry is one of the fastest-growing sectors of the textile industry. It is widely used for a variety of applications. However, not all nonwoven fabrics are suitable for all applications.

To achieve high filtration efficiency, a nonwoven filter is usually constructed in layers of fibers. Each layer is made up of a thin and porous fabric. For this reason, filters are designed to remove fine dust and aerosols.

Different fabrics’ filtering performance depends on their particle loading and size distribution. Nonwoven materials are perfect for removing fine dust. But they also have other properties that make them ideal for many other uses.

Some of the standard nonwoven fibers are cotton, polyester, and polypropylene. These fibers have varying tensile and rheological characteristics. Fibers are typically thermally treated.

Some standard nonwoven fabrics are designed to be sterile and biocompatible. They are often used in hospitals and medical facilities. Surgical drapes are also manufactured using these fabrics.

Reverse air baghouses

Reverse air baghouses are used to clean bags in filtering systems. They are practical and relatively inexpensive.

Baghouses typically consists of a metal enclosure, a filter cleaning system, and a fan. The operation of the system is generally straightforward. However, there are several variations in the design.

Bags are commonly made from fabric materials. These materials can be woven, felt, or nonwoven. Pleated filters are generally preferred for reverse air units, but other fabric types are available.

Nonwoven fabrics are divided into membranes, which keep dust particulates from getting caught in the fibers. Some woven filters have a Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) membrane.

The reverse flow of clean air causes the bags to collapse partially. It removes dust from the bottom of the bags.

If the fan is not spinning correctly, the process will not work. Also, the damper valves in the baghouse should be working.

In addition, the cleaning cycle should be set to the shortest interval possible. Otherwise, the frequency of cleaning will vary.